Masti in Malleshwaram

Malleswaram – The Cultural Heart
The founder of Malleswaram – Sri Venkatranga Iyengar, who loved riding on horse back one day visited and liked the Malleswara temple. He envisioned a locality of noblemen who would lead a rich and cultured life here. He was connected to the Bangalore’s municipality and when in 1892 there was a need to expand the city, he suggested the area of Kaadu (jungle) Malleswara as a potential candidate. His suggestion was taken up, and soon the British Raj had designed and built the Malleswaram locality.Patankars (see a small part of the old house at the layout today) who are descendants of the Divans of Mysore were invited to stay here, as was Divan Sheshadri Iyer (one of the founders of IISc). Divan Krishna Murthy was also invited to live here too. These rich noblemen bought big properties of about 2-3 acres in size. This was where they chose to retire and thus, quickly Malleswaram became an area where erstwhile busy rich and civic minded people decided to spend the last years of their lives engaged in various social and cultural efforts.Two to three generations of their families lived in these large bungalows, before the inevitable process of dissolution of joint families created the division and sub-division of these huge properties. The Malleswaram locality is about 117 years old and the Kaadu Malleswara temple much older. It is indeed interesting to see the cycle of big bungalows and garden properties converted to the crowded locality it is fast becoming today.Malleswaram’s history boasts of cultural icons who lived and practices in its locale. They come from various art disciplines including legends like Venkatappa, Veena Doraiswamy Iyengar, Krishnawamy, G. P. Rajaratnam and T.A.S. Mani. This old locality also has several religious centers like the St. Peters Seminary and at least 3 different Mutts and beautiful old temples including the Ganesha Temple, Krishna Temple and Grace Church. Education especially for women has been one of the major areas of interest and schools such as Mysore Education Society (MES), Malleswaram Ladies Association (MLA), Government Girls School and Cluny Convent were built to encourage them. NGO’s and social service organisations like Seva Sadan, Crafts Council of Karnataka and Malleswaram Entrepreneurial Women’s Society (MEWS) were founded and sustain their activities here too.In fact, even to this day, Malleswaram has remained a hub of creative and cultural activities. With several schools of classical Indian dance be it Bharatanatyam or Kathak, percussion schools, auditoriums and galleries promoting the arts, to more recent art groups like Bar 1 and Guruskool, Malleswaram seems to have its heart set – then and now – on Culture.

Malleswaram – The Culture Walk

MVM.jpg
28th February 200915:00 Meet at St. Peters Seminary, explore the building and watch the footage
15:30 Commence walk past Padmini Ravi’s studio, Venkatappa & G P Rajaratnam residences and hear about their contributions.
15:55 Visit CCK, Natya Institute of Kathak, MEWS and M. S. Satyu’s studio
16:20 Walk by Veena Doraiswami Iyengar and Krishnaswamy’s house
16:30 Walk by T.A.S. Mani’s Residence & Guruskool
16:45 Walk by Kaadu Malleswaram Temple & Vegetable Market
17:00 Walk by Seva Sadan Orphanage, the Govt. Girls School and Vema Lodge
17:20 Meet at Villa Pottipatti
17:40 Commence walk to Kanya and hear about the history of the Kanjeevaram Saree by Pramila Prasad and meet Vimala Rangachar
18:00 Commence walk past Chitrapur Mutt and visit Raman Residence
18:30 Visit MES College and then disperse

Detailed Information on the Walk:

HISTORY OF MALLESWARAM
The earliest extensions to the old city were Chamarajpet and Seshadripuram (1892). Malleshwaram and Basavanagudi though planned as early as 1892 were only executed in 1898 ‘with some urgency’ due to the intensity of the plague epidemics.
291 acres were acquired for Malleshwaram. It was promoted as a ‘model hygienic suburb’ well spaced and so well drained that ‘a deluge of six inches would not leave a vestige of standing water in any of the house sites’. (A guide to Bangalore and Mysore Directory, 1905 quoted Janaki Nair, 2005).
Within these new extensions the planning authorities paid attention to social hierarchies so Malleshwaram had eight blocks, one for each ‘particular section of the people’ similar to Basavangudi (A guide to Bangalore and Mysore Directory, 1905 quoted Janaki Nair, 2005).
Sri Venkatranga Iyengar, is credited with the founding of Malleshwaram. He loved riding and one day visited and liked the Malleswara temple. He envisioned a locality of noblemen who would lead a rich and cultured life around the temple. He made his vision a reality as he was connected to the Bangalore Municipality.
He invited the Patankars, who are descendents of the Divans of Mysore as also Diwan Sheshadri Iyer and Diwan Krishnamurthy to stay here. These rich noblemen bought big properties of about 2-3 acres size and chose to retire here. Thus Malleswaram quickly became an area where erstwhile busy rich and civic minded people decided to spend the last years of their lives engaged in various social and cultural efforts.
2-3 generations of their families lived here before the inevitable process of dissolution of joint families created the division and sub-division of these huge properties.
St. Peters Seminary

St. Peters Seminary

St. Peter’s Seminary:
This 230-year-old pontifical institute started by French missionaries in Pondicherry. It was transferred to Bangalore in 1934. It is an autonomous university recognised by the Vatican. There are other institutes affiliated to it, and it confers doctoral degrees. The missionaries retained control till 1964 when it was handed to Indian bishops.
Bangalore was selected as the site due to its salubrious climate. The structure sits in 30 acres of land, which was granted by the Maharaja of Mysore. During World War II the building was requisitioned by the government and used as a military hospital.
 

Road named in Honour of Venkatappa

Road named in Honour of Venkatappa

Venkatappa:
Born in 1886/1887 – 1965 to a family of court painters Venkatappa soon became one of the most prominent artists in the Mysore state. The Venkatappa Art Gallery on Kasturba Road was a tribute to this great painter. His works are exhibited in the ground floor of the gallery. The gallery also preserves the books and other personal material used by the great artist.

Venkatappas House

Venkatappas House

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
G P Rajaratnams House

G P Rajaratnams House

 
 
 
 
 
G.P. Rajaratnam:
Poet born 1908. Famous for his childrens’ poems / nursery rhymes so to speak
Handicrafts

Handicrafts

Crafts Council of Karnataka:
The Crafts Council of Karnataka’s (CCK) established in 19is dedicated to helping the Indian crafts persons sustain their art by actively engaging with them and providing them with support in terms of product development and retailing. Their aim is not just to preserve the rich heritage of Indian handicrafts and hand looms, but also to revive dying crafts traditions by working with talented and dedicated designers who develop new interpretations so that they become relevant and self-sustaining in modern society. They work directly with the crafts people and provide them with a forum where they can seek assistance along the entire process from learning the required skills, to product development and retailing. They are a NGO and work with the Govt. of India and the Directorate of Handicrafts towards achieving our goals.

 

Inside the store

Inside the store

 

 

 

 

 

MEWS

MEWS

Malleswaram Entrepreneurial Women’s Society (M.E.W.S):
The building was originally planned as a hostel for working women / girls – M.E.W.S – set up by Ammani Iyengar daughter in law of Venkataranga Iyengar, one of the founders of Malleshwaram.
 

M S Sathyu's Studio

M S Sathyu's Studio

 

 

M.S. Satyu:
Born 1930, leading film director, art director and stage designer. Recipient of the Padma Shri.
  Veena Doreswamy Iyengar:
Doreswamy Iyengar, generally known as Mysore V. Doreswamy Iyengar (1920 – 1997), was a famous Carnatic Musician and an exponent of the Veena. Born into a family of musicians, his father, Venkatesha Iyengar, was himself a Vainika and a musician in the court of the Maharaja of Mysore. He gave his first public performance in 1943, in the Bangalore Gayana Samaja. He studied his Bachelors in the Maharaja’s College in Mysore. He was he music director of the All India Radio in Bangalore. The concerts of Doreswamy Iyengar accompanied by T Chowdiah on the violin became very popular.
MVK's House

MVK's House

M. V. Krishnaswamy:
This famous filmmaker studied at Maharaja’s college. His wife Srirangamma was the first women graduate from the Mysore State University. With his work on Viaggio in Italia, he became the first Indian to assist legendary Italian filmmaker Roberto Rossellini on the sets. Ingrid Bergman and George Sanders starred in this film. He is probably the only one from the Mysore state who went to Paris, London and Rome in the late 1940s to study film direction. Later he made a docoumentary on the life of Sir M Vishvesvaraya and a biography on Doraiswamy Iyengar. He was probably the only one from Karnataka who had such a major presence in the country’s film institutions like the Films Division, the National Films Development Corporation, the Censor Board, the national film awards jury, the Film and TV Institute. Relatively less known from among the towering members of the ‘Mysore Generation,’ which includes Kannada icon Kuvempu, essayist Murthy Rao, writer Rajaratnam, philosopher Hiryanna, advisor to Indian prime ministers H Y Sharada Prasad, English professor C D Narasimhaiah, scholar T N Srikantaiah, cartoonist R K Laxman, novelist R K Narayan and photojournalist T S Satyan.
  T A S Mani:
  Guruskool:
Founded by Gopal and Geetha Navale, both musicians. Gopal plays the mandolin, flute and guitar and Geetha the veena. They also play for Esperanto, a world music group.
Together with Siddhartha and Micheal Sorenson they organise the Feedom Jam concerts. This monthly event is a free platfrom for musicians and artists to play to an interested audience and has been running for more than 15 years now. They also host a big annual event that brings together the contemporary music community.
The old entrance

The old entrance

Kadu Malleshwara Temple: Info. to be sourced

 

Inside the temple complex

Inside the temple complex

The newly constructed Gopura

The newly constructed Gopura

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13_market.jpg
Vegetable Market: Info to be sourced
  Seva Sadan:
A girls orphanage founded by Vimala Rangachar, the daughter of Ammani Iyengar (founders of MEWS and Kanya), in turn the daughter in law of Venkataranga Iyengar.
Vimala Rnagachar is also one of the co-founders of M.E.S College, initially set up as a girl’s college.
  Govt. Girls School:
16_VemaLodge.jpg
Seshadri Iyer (Vema Lodge):
Vema Lodge is all that remains of Sir Sehsadri Iyer’s property. He was an (b.1845) advocate who served as the Dewan of Mysore from 1883 to 1901. He was the second Dewan of Mysore state since the reinstation of the Wodeyar family on its throne in 1881 and was the longest serving Dewan of the princely state as well. He is regarded by most as the “maker of modern Bangalore”. Born in Palghat in Madras Presidency, he did his early schooling in Calicut and graduated from the Presidency College, Madras. During his tenure, India’s first hydro-electric plant was established at Shivasamudra in the year 1900. He extended the railway lines in the kingdom by 270 kilometres (170 miles) The Kolar gold fields of Karnataka were established during his tenure. He constructed the famous Glass House at Lalbagh in 1889 and the Victoria Hospital at Bangalore in the year 1900. His most significant brainchild was, however, the Indian Institute of Science which was eventually established in 1911 after his long tenure had come to an end.
18_AmmaniIyengar.jpg
Kanya:
This saree boutique was founded by Ammani Iyengar in 1930 and is now run by her daughter in law Pramila Prasad. Smt. Ammani Iyengar, a lady with keen business acumen, started a chit fund to enable the women in the neighbourhood to purchase her kanjeevaram sarees. She had her looms in Kanchipuram and designed them herself. The 110 year old house in which this boutique is run, was originally the coach house of the property that belonged to Venkatranga Iyengar, one of the founders of Malleswaram.
19_ChitrapurMath.jpg
Mutts:
Malleswaram has a number of religious and educational institutions. Mutts are hindu institutions that preach and offer civic services to their community. Malleswarm has 3 important Mutts – the Yathiraj Mutt, the Chitrapur Mutt and the Shringeri Mutt.
20_CVResOut.jpg
Sir C.V Raman:
Chandrasekara Venkata Raman, was born in Trichi, TN on November 7, 1888. He was the second child of Chandrasekhar Iyer and Parvathi Ammal. His father was a professor of mathematics. At eleven, he finished his secondary school education and when he was fifteen, he finished at the head of the class to receive B.A. with honors in Physics and English. In 1907, barely seventeen, Raman again graduated at the top of his class and received his M.A. with honors. In the same year he married Lokasundari.
In 1917, with his scientific standing established in India, Raman was offered the position of Sir Taraknath Palit Professorship of Physics at Calcutta university, where he stayed for the next fifteen years. During his tenure there, he received world wide recognition for his work in optics and scattering of light. He was elected to the Royal Society of London in 1924 and the British made him a knight of the British Empire in 1929.
The following year he was honored with the prestigious Hughes medal from the Royal Society. In 1930, for the first time in its history, an Indian scholar, educated entirely in India has received the highest honor in science, the Nobel Prize in Physics.
In 1934, Raman became the director of the newly established Indian Institute of Sciences in Bangalore, where two years later he continued as a professor of physics. In 1947, he was appointed as the first National Professor by the new government of Independent India.
He retired from the Indian Institute in 1948 and a year later he established the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore, served as its director and remained active there until his death on November 21, 1970, at the age of eighty two. Raman was honored with the highest award, the “Bharat Ratna”(Jewel of India), by the Government of India.
  M.E.S College:
A group of enlightened citizens of Malleshwaram felt a need to open a college in Malleshwaram particularly to provide facilities to girl students, who had to go as far as Maharanis College for their courses in higher learning. The founders Sri.G.A.Acharya, Prof.B.R. Subba Rao, Sri. M.Chinnaswamy, Sri M.R.Narasimha Iyengar, Prof.M.P.L.Sastry and Smt Vimala Rangachar responded to this need by starting an intermediate college in 15th Cross, Malleshwaram, and started the institution in 1956-57 with a student strength of 68.
The growth is both quantitative and qualitative. In its infant stages the college was housed in a small dwelling Anandashram, which recalled the ancient Guru Kula system with a good rapport between the small number of students and their teachers. From this humble beginning the college has grown gradually into a full-fledged college. The college is now a four-storyed stone structure with an annex as well.
In 1962 courses in Science started. In the course of its historical development M.E.S College has acquired great prominence not only in Karnataka but also in the country. Its aim has always been to provide value based education at affordable cost and to strive for the cultural growth of the student.
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: